This cohort study uses American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data to investigate the association between loss of independence among older adult patients after surgical procedures and readmission and death after discharge.
This randomized clinical trial assesses the efficacy and safety of standard gastric bypass vs distal gastric bypass in patients with a BMI of 50 to 60.
This survey study assesses how often surgeons disclosed adverse events, what they revealed, and how they expressed the disclosure.
This cohort study determines whether the clinical indication for a coronary stent is associated with postoperative major adverse cardiac events in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery.
This study reports on whether treatment with β-blockers, statins, or both before cardiac surgery is associated with a reduction in the risk of adverse events after surgery.
This study finds that patients operated on by surgeons trained in residency programs that were ranked in the top tertile were significantly less likely to experience adverse events than were those operated on by surgeons trained in programs that were in the bottom tertile.
This prospective cohort study found that postoperative complications and delirium are separately associated with adverse events and demonstrate a combined effect.
This cohort study observes similar morbidity and mortality rates in pregnant and nonpregnant women undergoing general surgical operations.
This randomized clinical trial reports that in patients with a body mass index of 50 to 60 kg/m2, duodenal switch resulted in greater weight loss and greater improvements in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose 5 years after surgery compared with gastric bypass while improvements in health-related quality of life were similar.
This retrospective analysis shows that both carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting can be performed safely by a vascular surgeon in properly selected patients.
This retrospective cohort study found that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass resulted in greater weight loss than adjustable gastric banding but a higher risk of short-term complications and long-term subsequent hospitalizations. See also the Invited Commentary by Dimick and Finks.
In a retrospective cohort study using national Veterans Affairs patient-level data for operations between 2005 and 2009, Richman et al determine whether adherence to the original or revised Surgical Care Improvement Project perioperative β-blocker continuation measure is associated with decreased adverse events. See the Invited Commentary by Britt.
Rose et al evaluate the safety of endovascular vs open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm by measuring Patient Safety Indicators associated with each procedure over time. Cases were extracted from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2003-2010). Main outcome measures were Patient Safety Indicators and mortality. See the Invited Commentary by Suding and Paxton.
Bulger et al establish the safety of AB103 in patients with necrotizing soft-tissue infections and evaluate the potential effects on clinically meaningful parameters related to the disease. See also the invited commentary by Sawyer.
Eid and coauthors investigate the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic gastric plication with the StomaphyX device in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients.