This nationwide retrospective cohort study describes patterns of episodes of diverticulitis before surgery and factors associated with earlier interventions using inpatient, outpatient, and antibiotic prescription claims.
This study describes the development of a pragmatic clinical trial to address questions regarding the use of antibiotics vs appendectomy to treat acute appendicitis.
This observational study examines the databases of 3 institutions to compare the incidence of wound infections after pancreaticoduodenectomy as well as the microorganisms identified on cultures and the effectiveness of institution-based perioperative antibiotic protocols.
This observational cohort study reports that lengthening of postoperative antibiotic treatment to 5 days was not associated with a reduction in infectious complications after laparoscopic appendectomy for acute complicated appendicitis.
This observational study analyzes and reports Clostridium difficile infection rates, risk factors, and associations with postoperative outcomes in surgery programs of the Veterans Health Administration.
This Viewpoint reviews the study results of and reactions to the Salminen et al acute appendicitis trial and provides recommendations for surgeons who will be confronted by patients questioning whether they need surgery.
Haut proposes that the findings from Salminen et al’s clinical trial are not enough to shift from the use of appendectomy to antibiotics in the treatment of appendicitis.
This study of survivorship based on the French national health insurance database reports that total hip replacement characteristics are related to early prosthetic revision.
Hicks et al describe the current state of OR briefings and debriefings as well as their experience as part of a comprehensive unit–based safety program.
Hawn et al determine whether prophylactic antibiotic timing is associated with surgical site infection (SSI) occurrence. In an invited critique, Neumayer provides commentary.