This retrospective review of data indicates that the survival outcome in patients undergoing surgery for gastric cancer is associated with lymph node count rather than with cancer program classification.
This prospective study from the Washington State Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program describes the thromboembolic complications and contemporary venous thromboembolism prophylaxis patterns in 16 115 consecutive patients undergoing colorectal surgery.
This cohort study evaluates how the age-related risk of discharge to postacute care facilities after major abdominal surgery is affected by preoperative functional status and postoperative complications.
This database analysis found that approximately one-fourth of patients undergoing initial breast conservation surgery for breast cancer will have a subsequent operative intervention. See also the Invited Commentary by Margenthaler and Vaughan.
This cross-sectional, cluster-based population survey reports on the self-reported determinants of access to surgical care in Sierra Leone, Rwanda, and Nepal using the validated Surgeons OverSeas Assessment of Surgical Need tool.
This analysis of women with breast cancer in the National Cancer Data Base describes barriers to the use of breast-conserving therapy.
This retrospective cohort study reports that implementation of a multidisciplinary hepatopancreaticobiliary surgical program leads to regionalization of care and improved quality of cancer care and surgical outcomes.
Aboagye et al examine the disparities that may exist in colorectal cancer screening and treatment by comparing the distribution of providers of these services in rural and urban counties in the United States.
Balentine et al hypothesized that patients having colorectal surgery at high-volume hospitals would more likely be discharged to home rather than discharged to skilled rehabilitation facilities to complete recovery. The 2008 National Inpatient Sample data for all colorectal resections were used. See the Invited Commentary by Nakakura.
This cohort study assesses the association of time interval from the initial cholecystectomy to reoperation with overall survival in patients with gallbladder cancer.
This Viewpoint considers 3 nuances of the policy debate regarding the regionalization of high-risk surgery by restricting care to high-volume centers of excellence.
This comparative effectiveness analysis assesses the association between the implementation of surgical safety checklists and all-cause 90- and 30-day mortality among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery.
Kvasnovsky et al evaluated programmatic changes in Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers to expand screening mammography, develop on-site breast care resources, and better coordinate care with non-VA facilities.
Yen et al evaluate measures of surgical expertise, including the percentage of a surgeon’s operations for breast cancer, on the use of sentinel lymph node biopsy for invasive breast cancer. Zenilman provides an invited commentary.
Gadzinski et al evaluate discharge practice patterns and use of post–acute care after surgical admissions at critical access hospitals. See the invited commentary by Resnick and Barocas.
This nationwide cohort study defines stage-specific treatments and prognosis of colon cancer diagnosed in young adults (ages 18-49 years) vs older adults (ages 65-75 years).