This study determines whether differences in the use of vena cava filters in hospitals in Kentucky can be explained by observable factors rather than potential reimbursement upcoding.
This observational study examines the databases of 3 institutions to compare the incidence of wound infections after pancreaticoduodenectomy as well as the microorganisms identified on cultures and the effectiveness of institution-based perioperative antibiotic protocols.
This medical record review cites postoperative hyperglycemia is a meaningful predictor of outcomes in patients with major comorbidities undergoing open ventral hernia repair (VHR).
This prospective feasibility trial adds selective removal of clip-containing lymph nodes to sentinel lymph node dissection, with the possibility of identifying patients for limited nodal surgery after chemotherapy.
Black et al determine racial differences in the use of sentinel lymph node biopsy among patients with pathologically node-negative breast cancer during the period when sentinel lymph node biopsy became the preferred method for axillary staging as well as whether such differences affect lymphedema risk. See the Invited Commentary by Murphy and Schulick.
Bulger et al establish the safety of AB103 in patients with necrotizing soft-tissue infections and evaluate the potential effects on clinically meaningful parameters related to the disease. See also the invited commentary by Sawyer.
Hall and colleagues identified live liver donors in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to determine generalizable estimates for postoperative complications following donor hepatectomy and to explore patient- and hospital-level factors associated with complications.
In a retrospective cohort study of 18 463 US Medicare patients who underwent a major peripheral arterial disease–related amputation during the period between 2003 and 2010, Goodney and coauthors test the hypothesis that higher regional spending on vascular care is associated with lower amputation rates for patients with severe peripheral arterial disease.
In a systemic review and meta-analysis, Bhangu et al determine whether delayed primary skin closure of contaminated and dirty abdominal incisions reduces the rate of surgical site infection compared with primary skin closure. See also the Invited Critique by Cohn.