This cohort study compares clinical outcomes of patients with intermittent claudication and peripheral arterial disease treated with revascularization vs medical treatment.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of thrombelastogram-adjusted prophylactic enoxaparin dosing among trauma and surgical patients.
This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy of a transversus abdominis plane block with dexamethasone and preperitoneal instillation of local anesthetic with dexamethasone vs control on postoperative quality of recovery following a bilateral total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair.
This study assesses the effectiveness of both preoperative chemoradiation with cisplatin and fluorouracil or carboplatin and paclitaxel on recurrence-free survival and overall survival in patients with esophageal cancer.
This randomized clinical trial compares the use of health care services, costs, and cost-effectiveness between patients undergoing open and endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.
This randomized clinical trial assesses the efficacy and safety of standard gastric bypass vs distal gastric bypass in patients with a BMI of 50 to 60.
This study uses data from the Vascular Study Group of New England data registry to compare postoperative complication and long-term survival rates in patients who received general anesthesia with those who received combined epidural and general anesthesia for elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
This study examines 10-year weight change in veterans who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass compared with nonsurgical matches and the 4-year weight change in veterans who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, adjustable gastric banding, or sleeve gastrectomy.
This cohort study evaluates secular trends in the management of choledocholithiasis in the United States and compares hospital length of stay between patients with choledocholithiasis treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with laparoscopic cholecystectomy vs laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
This comparative effectiveness analysis assesses the association between the implementation of surgical safety checklists and all-cause 90- and 30-day mortality among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery.
This randomized clinical trial reports that in patients with a body mass index of 50 to 60 kg/m2, duodenal switch resulted in greater weight loss and greater improvements in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose 5 years after surgery compared with gastric bypass while improvements in health-related quality of life were similar.
This retrospective cohort study found that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass resulted in greater weight loss than adjustable gastric banding but a higher risk of short-term complications and long-term subsequent hospitalizations. See also the Invited Commentary by Dimick and Finks.
Scales et al compare the effectiveness of shock wave lithotripsy and ureteroscopy to fragment or remove urinary stones in a large private payer cohort. Among beneficiaries who had an emergency department visit for a kidney stone, they estimate the probability of repeat intervention following an initial procedure. See the Invited Commentary by Gore.