This observational study and intervention develop a prototype of a tool to improve the preoperative decision-making process and manage postoperative expectations among older adults undergoing high-risk surgery.
Morrow et al examine correlates of reconstruction and determine if a significant unmet need for reconstruction exists among women with breast cancer who undergo mastectomy.
This report describes the Delphi process used by the Patient-Reported Outcomes in Surgery Conference to develop a consensus-based research agenda focusing on patient-reported outcomes.
This systemic review assessed interventions to introduce or improve palliative care for surgical patients.
Regenbogen et al review and classify the primary data published since 2000 that are guiding decision making, technical considerations, and the outcomes of surgery for sigmoid diverticulitis.
This study reports that participants found interprofessional simulations to be realistic and a valuable educational tool in learning nontechnical skills for emergency situations. Farmer provides a related invited commentary.
This data analysis of US military casualties in Afghanistan reports that a 2009 mandate from the Secretary of Defense resulted in 75.2% of missions achieving transport from combat injury to treatment facility in 60 minutes or less.
Hawley and colleagues determine factors associated with the use of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy in a population-based sample of patients with breast cancer. Rosenberg and Partridge provide discussion in a related Invited Commentary.
This nationwide retrospective cohort study describes patterns of episodes of diverticulitis before surgery and factors associated with earlier interventions using inpatient, outpatient, and antibiotic prescription claims.
This Users’ Guide to the Medical Literature describes the assessment of randomized clinical trials addressing surgical procedures.
Hicks et al identify factors associated with 3- vs 2-stage ileal pouch–anal anastomosis surgery for active ulcerative colitis and determine their impact on surgical outcomes.
This study compares the readability and accuracy of patient-oriented online resources for pancreatic cancer by treatment modality and website affiliation.
This study systematically reviews the quality of evidence collected on confidence levels in graduating general surgery residents and to critically analyze the language used to describe the findings using quantitative methods.
This Viewpoint discusses how surgeons can integrate principles of palliative care to support surgical care for patients with life-threatening illness, using malignant bowel obstruction as an example.
This Viewpoint assesses the current status of postdischarge data collection in US trauma registries.
This study describes the development of a pragmatic clinical trial to address questions regarding the use of antibiotics vs appendectomy to treat acute appendicitis.