This cohort study evaluates the differences in access to and outcomes of 9-1-1 emergency medical services’ response to injuries in rural and urban populations.
This retrospective cohort study evaluates differences across hospitals in the costs of care for patients surviving perioperative complications after major inpatient surgery.
This study describes the association of patient- and hospital-level factors on in-hospital mortality after elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
This cohort study investigates the ability of the original and modified Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) risk models to discriminate mortality risk after resection for suspected perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.
This matched-cohort study tests whether hospitals with better nursing work environments display better value than those with worse nursing environments and aims to determine patient risk groups associated with the greatest value.
This Viewpoint describes a novel approach to measuring quality in risk-adjusted surgical outcomes for hospital-, regional-, and global-level benchmarking.
This study reports on whether treatment with β-blockers, statins, or both before cardiac surgery is associated with a reduction in the risk of adverse events after surgery.
This study reports on whether an association between the influx of new residents at the beginning of the academic year and outcomes exists among a nationally representative sample of patients who underwent emergency general surgery.
This observational study assesses the effect of patient and hospital factors on mortality and readmission rates after surgical procedures and costs of surgery at safety-net hospitals.
This study finds that patients operated on by surgeons trained in residency programs that were ranked in the top tertile were significantly less likely to experience adverse events than were those operated on by surgeons trained in programs that were in the bottom tertile.
This study of critically ill trauma patients with chronic liver disease reports that a decrease in Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score within 72 hours of intensive care unit admission is associated with improved mortality.
This cohort study evaluated the perioperative care practices and outcomes related to differences in mortality rates after lung cancer resection between hospitals with very high and very low mortality rates.
This study examines whether hospital-level compliance with Brain Trauma Foundation guidelines for intracranial pressure monitoring and craniotomy is associated with risk-adjusted mortality rates in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.
This cohort study reports increased mortality rates among injured children aged 18 years or younger who were treated at adult trauma centers and mixed trauma centers compared with those treated at pediatric trauma centers.
This medical record review describes the use of computed tomography in identifying the mortality risk in patients with pneumomediastinum due to blunt trauma.
This preliminary analysis of mortality after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair shows that outcomes depend on hospital-level effects, particularly hospital size and type. See also the Invited Commentary by Goodney.