This article reviews the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease.
This randomized clinical trial reports that bariatric surgery with 2 years of an adjunctive low-level lifestyle intervention resulted in more disease remission than did lifestyle intervention alone for obese participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In a review article, Kuy and colleagues aimed to define carotid disease burden in women, review outcomes of carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting in women, and provide guidelines for management of women with carotid stenosis.
Halperin et al test the feasibility of methods to conduct a larger multisite trial to determine the long-term effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery compared with an intensive diabetes medical and weight management program for type 2 diabetes in obese patients.
This cohort study describes eating behaviors and weight control 3 years after bariatric surgery in severely obese adults.
Gifford et al determine how often categorical general surgery residents seriously consider leaving residency. At 13 residency programs, they administered an anonymous survey of 371 residents and 10-year attrition rates. Responses from those who seriously considered leaving were compared with those who did not. See the Invited Commentary by Deveney.
In a prospective cohort study of 106 women from phase 2 of the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery who underwent bariatric surgery, Sarwer and coauthors investigate changes in sexual functioning, sex hormone levels, and relevant psychosocial constructs.
This cohort study compares clinical outcomes of patients with intermittent claudication and peripheral arterial disease treated with revascularization vs medical treatment.
Courcoulas et al determine feasibility of a randomized clinical trial and compare initial outcomes of bariatric surgery and a structured weight loss program for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus.
This systematic review summarizes the literature on surgeon quality of life and burnout by surgical specialty.
This cohort study uses American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data to investigate the association between loss of independence among older adult patients after surgical procedures and readmission and death after discharge.