This study examines pulmonary resection as a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for patients with known or suspected lung cancer.
This randomized, nonblinded laboratory animal study reports how dynamic alveolar heterogeneity is influenced by 2 modes of mechanical ventilation (low tidal-volume ventilation and airway pressure release ventilation), using in vivo microscopy to directly measure alveolar size distributions.
This randomized clinical trial shows that education and provision of incentive spirometry for unmonitored patient use does not result in statistically significant improvement in pulmonary dynamics following laparotomy.
In this study, rats were randomized to controlled mandatory ventilation or airway pressure release ventilation to determine whether airway pressure release ventilation affects alveolar recruitment and microstrain in acute lung injury.
Emr and colleagues aimed to demonstrate that (1) mechanical ventilation with tidal volume and positive end-expiratory pressure settings used routinely on surgery patients causes acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome in normal rats and (2) preemptive application of airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) blocks drivers of lung injury and prevents acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Bhayani et al compared rates of pulmonary and overall morbidity, infection, and thromboembolic complications between patients undergoing transhiatal esophagectomy and those undergoing esophagectomy with the Ivor Lewis or McKeown technique. See the invited commentary by Chang.