This study systematically reviews the quality of evidence collected on confidence levels in graduating general surgery residents and to critically analyze the language used to describe the findings using quantitative methods.
This Viewpoint proposes a strategy to reduce general surgery resident attrition, focusing on the creation of formal mentorship programs.
This article discusses the design and rationale for the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) randomized trial, which will evaluate whether changing surgical resident duty hour policies to permit greater flexibility in work hours will affect patient postoperative outcomes, resident education, and resident well-being.
This study reports on whether an association between the influx of new residents at the beginning of the academic year and outcomes exists among a nationally representative sample of patients who underwent emergency general surgery.
This cross-sectional study examines whether favorable evaluations of residents in postgraduate years 1 through 5 correlate with performance on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination.
This survey assessed if the Alliance for Global Clinical Training is effectively responding to the educational needs of surgeons at the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences and Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
This survey study reports on surgery residents’ study habits and reading practices, as well as factors associated with performance on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination.
This study reports that, at academic medical centers, many common process measures are entirely dependent on resident physicians with minimal direct, real-time oversight or feedback from attending physicians.
This Viewpoints report on a program to help residents cope with daily stress, provide tools to manage challenges after completing residency, and reduce the risk of burnout, depression, and suicide.
This Viewpoint explores whether flexibility should be allowable for duty hour limits for surgical residents.
This observational study reports that distractions are very common during surgery resident handoffs.
This study reports that participants found interprofessional simulations to be realistic and a valuable educational tool in learning nontechnical skills for emergency situations. Farmer provides a related invited commentary.
This retrospective review shows that minimally invasive surgery has an increasingly prominent role in contemporary surgical therapy for many common diseases, although the open approach still predominates in all but 5 procedures.
Sarosi and colleagues examine the training outcomes of preliminary residents in a university and veterans affairs surgical residency and attempt to predict the characteristics that lead to successful placement into categorical general surgical residency.
Brown and colleagues determine whether child rearing increases the risk of attrition from general surgery residency.
Tapia et al test the hypothesis that residents lack a foundation in several nonclinical core competencies and develop a curriculum for integration into current didactic time. Proportions of resident responses are scored as positive (agree or strongly agree) or negative (disagree or strongly disagree) on 10 topics of a needs assessment survey.
Anderson and colleagues conducted a 3-phase observational study of surgeons’ perioperative teaching behaviors aimed at promoting deliberate teaching of residents, changing resident perception of their teachers, and producing sustainable improvements. Schenarts and Flowers provide an invited commentary.
Drake and colleagues evaluated changes in operative experience for general surgery chief residents. Karen Deveney, MD, provides an invited commentary.