This retrospective medical record review examines the role of positron emission tomography–computed tomography characteristics in esophageal adenocarcinoma for patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and demonstrates that a δ standardized uptake variable value of less than 45% reliably predicts patients who have residual disease but not complete pathologic response.
This study reports that universal decontamination using a low-cost preoperative protocol may be considered as an additional prevention strategy for surgical site infections in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery with hardware implantation.
This case series describes outcomes for patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer treated with preoperative chemotherapy, and the details of how collaborating Oncology Study Groups coordinated and conducted the study.
This cohort study examines the effectiveness of patient choice in nonoperative vs surgical management of uncomplicated acute appendicitis in children.
This observational study analyzes and reports Clostridium difficile infection rates, risk factors, and associations with postoperative outcomes in surgery programs of the Veterans Health Administration.
This cohort study investigates whether a program that focuses on 8 major guideline-recommended risk-management therapies reduces cardiovascular and limb events in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
This cohort study compares the short- and long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery, with a specific focus on the rate of remission of type 2 diabetes in patients with early- and late-onset type 2 diabetes.
This randomized clinical trial reports that bariatric surgery with 2 years of an adjunctive low-level lifestyle intervention resulted in more disease remission than did lifestyle intervention alone for obese participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
This observational study examines the association between surgical skill and long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery.
This national cohort study uses data from the Veterans Affairs National Surgical Quality Improvement Program to report noncardiac postoperative outcomes in the Veterans Affairs health system for the past 15 years.
This randomized clinical trial assesses the efficacy and safety of standard gastric bypass vs distal gastric bypass in patients with a BMI of 50 to 60.
This cohort study investigates the ability of the original and modified Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) risk models to discriminate mortality risk after resection for suspected perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.
A man aged 54 years presented to the emergency department with a 1-month history of generalized weakness and bilateral lower extremity swelling that had progressed to his upper abdomen. What is your diagnosis?