This Viewpoints report on a program to help residents cope with daily stress, provide tools to manage challenges after completing residency, and reduce the risk of burnout, depression, and suicide.
This observational study and intervention develop a prototype of a tool to improve the preoperative decision-making process and manage postoperative expectations among older adults undergoing high-risk surgery.
This Special Communication describes evidence-based guidelines to enhance the appropriate, safe, and effective practice of parathyroidectomy.
This cohort study investigates whether a program that focuses on 8 major guideline-recommended risk-management therapies reduces cardiovascular and limb events in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
This cohort study compares risk for proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism after incident isolated calf DVT in patients treated vs not treated with anticoagulation.
Cassidy et al developed and implemented a set of multidisciplinary standardized interventions to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications in patients. The I COUGH program emphasizes incentive spirometry, coughing and deep breathing, oral care (brushing teeth and using mouthwash twice daily), understanding (patient and family education), getting out of bed at least 3 times daily, and head-of-bed elevation. See also the invited critique by Leavitt.
This Viewpoint discusses the need for changing the informed consent process to include physicians’ disclosures of industry relationships as a means to increase transparency and facilitate informed joint decision making.
This population-based study evaluates insurance coverage and rehabilitation use among young adult trauma patients since implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as well as the Dependent Coverage Provision and Medicaid expansion/open enrollment.
This cross-sectional study concludes that unconscious class and race biases are not associated with clinical decision making among surgical clinicians.
This systematic review summarizes the literature on surgeon quality of life and burnout by surgical specialty.
This observational study describes an international competency-based training paradigm for hernia surgery in underserved countries.
This cohort study uses American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data to investigate the association between loss of independence among older adult patients after surgical procedures and readmission and death after discharge.
This Viewpoint discusses how surgeons can integrate principles of palliative care to support surgical care for patients with life-threatening illness, using malignant bowel obstruction as an example.