Paul Olson et al perform a systematic review to characterize outcomes of palliative surgery for malignant bowel obstruction from peritoneal carcinomatosis to guide decision making about surgery and postoperative interventions for patients with terminal illness.
This study evaluates the association between preoperative use of narcotics and postoperative outcomes in patients with Crohn disease.
This randomized clinical trial shows that education and provision of incentive spirometry for unmonitored patient use does not result in statistically significant improvement in pulmonary dynamics following laparotomy.
Thereaux et al assess the safety of revision procedures by comparing the 30-day outcomes of primary gastric bypass vs revisions following failed adjustable gastric banding. They performed a retrospective review using logistic regression models to compute odds ratios across preoperative body mass index quartiles. See the Invited Commentary by Gagner.
Gerlach and coauthors explore the limitations of conventional surgery and the decision-making process for transplantation.