This study evaluates the association between hospital characteristics and surgical site infection measures.
The study evaluates trends in transfusion rates for major abdominal oncologic resections to assess changes in recent clinical practice (given the accumulating evidence of the deleterious effects of blood transfusion).
This randomized clinical trial validates the safety and efficacy of video-assisted ablation of pilonidal sinus.
This observational study examines the databases of 3 institutions to compare the incidence of wound infections after pancreaticoduodenectomy as well as the microorganisms identified on cultures and the effectiveness of institution-based perioperative antibiotic protocols.
This observational study evaluates the results obtained in a population of patients with Crohn disease who have undergone side-to-side isoperistaltic strictureplasty.
This study assesses the rates and risk factors for hospital readmissions following emergency general surgery.
This observational study reports that the survival advantage of endovascular over open aortic aneurysm repairs is maintained for 3 years, after which time, endovascular repair was associated with a higher mortality but mortality differences did not reach statistical significance during the study period.
This cohort study compares the level of antisepsis achieved with varying numbers and time until rinsing for preadmission showers using chlorhexidine gluconate, 4%.
This retrospective cohort study found that patients who underwent segmental colectomy and sustained a period of intraoperative hypothermia were no more likely to develop a surgical site infection than those who were normothermic. See also the Invited Commentary by Stamos.
This study reports that universal decontamination using a low-cost preoperative protocol may be considered as an additional prevention strategy for surgical site infections in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery with hardware implantation.
This prospective analysis showed that time to irrigation and debridement did not affect the development of local infectious complications, provided it was performed within 24 hours of arrival.
This retrospective longitudinal study showed that a checklist-based quality improvement intervention did not affect rates of adverse surgical outcomes among patients undergoing general surgery in participating Michigan hospitals. See also the invited commentary by Urbach.
This systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrates that subtotal cholecystectomy is an important tool for use in difficult gallbladders and achieves morbidity rates comparable to those reported for total cholecystectomy in simple cases.
This retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected institutional database linked to statewide data of patients who underwent pancreatectomy at a tertiary care referral center finds that 21.5% of patients required early readmission after pancreatectomy.
Based on a pilot sample of hospitals that participate in both the NHSN and the ACS NSQIP programs, colon surgical site infection rates from the 2 programs should not be used interchangeably to evaluate hospital performance and determine reimbursement. See the Invited Commentary by Hawn.
This matched analysis study quantified the effect of index complications on patient risk of specific secondary complications.
This retrospective observational study reports that 30-day readmission rates for surgical procedures performed in the Veterans Health Administration declined between 2001 and 2010.