This Special Communication summarizes the National Institutes of Health and American College of Surgeons Summit on Surgical Disparities Research to develop a national surgical disparities research agenda and funding priorities.
This review of findings discussed at a multidisciplinary workshop on bariatric surgery notes there is evidence showing that bariatric surgery results in greater weight loss than nonsurgical treatments. Finks and Dimick provide a related invited commentary.
Kitano and colleagues describe 2 cases of melanoma of the appendix presenting with appendicitis and review their institutional experience with this entity.
This retrospective cohort study finds that conditional disease-free survival improves over time following resection of gastrointestinal stromal tumors. See the Invited Commentary by Maker.
This Viewpoint discusses improving delivery of care to surgical/trauma patients in the developing world through collaborations with academic institutions, such as the University of Michigan–All India Institutes of Medical Sciences collaborative.
This cohort study evaluates secular trends in the management of choledocholithiasis in the United States and compares hospital length of stay between patients with choledocholithiasis treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with laparoscopic cholecystectomy vs laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Tisherman et al discuss how intensivists from all specialties can provide optimal care for the critically ill surgical patient, particularly with continuing involvement by the surgeon of record. Recommendations are made for maintaining the intensivist model within acute care surgery practice. See the Invited Critique by Luchette.
This survey study reports the status and structure of mentorship programs in departments of surgery in the United States.
This retrospective analysis reports that increasing rates of emergent incisional hernia repair are troublesome owing to the significantly increased risk morbidity and mortality associated with emergent hernia repair. While this increased mortality risk is multifactorial, it is likely associated with older age and the accompanying serious comorbidities.
This retrospective cohort study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry reports that there has been a significant increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer diagnosed in young adults, with a decline in older patients. Turaga provides a related editorial.
Cheong and Emil test the hypothesis that the outcomes of children with appendicitis are better in the Canadian single-payer universal health care system than in the US multipayer system.
This study analyzes the trends in inpatient and outpatient hysterectomy and oophorectomy rates among commercially insured women in the United States from 2000 to 2014.
This observational study uses National Inpatient Sample data to examine the rates of complications, mortality, and costs associated with emergency general surgery.
Schwartz and colleagues examined whether the 16-hour intern work limit, implemented in July 2011, has adversely affected operative experience. Julie Ann Freischlag, MD, provides an invited commentary.
Hyder and colleagues conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate patient-, surgeon-, and hospital-level factors associated with readmission. Mark Bloomston, MD, provided a related invited commentary.