Accepted for Publication: September 24, 2011.
Author Contributions: Dr Sullivan had full access to all the data used in this study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of its analysis. Study concept and design: Sullivan, Yeo, Roman, Bell, and Sosa. Acquisition of data: Bucholz, Yeo, and Bell. Analysis and interpretation of data: Sullivan, Bucholz, Bell, and Sosa. Drafting of the manuscript: Sullivan, Roman, and Sosa. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Sullivan, Bucholz, Yeo, Roman, Bell, and Sosa. Statistical analysis: Sullivan and Bucholz. Obtained funding: Yeo and Sosa. Administrative, technical, and material support: Yeo, Roman, Bell, and Sosa. Study supervision: Yeo, Roman, and Sosa.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Yale University, and an Ohse research grant, Yale School of Medicine. The American Board of Surgery (ABS) assisted with survey implementation and study design.
Disclaimer: The ABS provided data to the authors for the preparation of the manuscript. However, the manuscript does not reflect any official ABS opinion or policy and has not been reviewed or approved by the ABS.
Previous Presentation: This paper was presented at the 92nd Annual Meeting of the New England Surgical Society; September 24, 2011; Bretton Woods, New Hampshire; and is published after peer review and revision.