Accepted for Publication: February 28, 2013.
Published Online: August 21, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.2148.
Study concept and design: Hwabejire, Kaafarani, Solis, Sullivan, DeMoya, Velmahos.
Acquisition of data: Hwabejire, Kaafarani, Imam, Solis.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Hwabejire, Kaafarani, Verge, Alam, Velmahos.
Drafting of the manuscript: Hwabejire, Kaafarani, Imam, Velmahos.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Hwabejire, Solis, Verge, Sullivan, DeMoya, Alam, Velmahos.
Statistical analysis: Hwabejire.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Verge, Sullivan, Velmahos.
Study supervision: Kaafarani, DeMoya, Alam, Velmahos.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented at the 93rd Annual Meeting of the New England Surgical Society; September 23, 2012; Rockport, Maine; and is published after peer review and revision.