Accepted for Publication: March 24, 2011.
Published Online: May 16, 2011. doi:10.1001/archsurg.2011.117
Author Contributions: Study concept and design: Wick, Hirose, Shore, and Clark. Acquisition of data: Wick, Shore, and Clark. Analysis and interpretation of data: Wick, Hirose, Shore, Gearhart, Efron, and Makary. Drafting of the manuscript: Wick. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Wick, Hirose, Shore, Clark, Gearhart, Efron, and Makary. Statistical analysis: Shore and Clark. Obtained funding: Clark. Administrative, technical, and material support: Wick, Shore, and Makary. Study supervision: Hirose, Gearhart, Efron, and Makary.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: The data set used in this study was originally created for a different research project on patterns of obesity care within selected BCBS plans. The previous research project (but not the current study) was funded by unrestricted research grants from Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc (a Johnson & Johnson company), Pfizer, Inc, and GlaxoSmithKline. The data and database development support and guidance were provided by the BCBS Association, BCBS of Tennessee, BCBS of Hawaii, BCBS of Michigan, BCBS of North Carolina, Highmark, Inc of Pennsylvania, Independence Blue Cross of Pennsylvania, Wellmark BCBS of Iowa, and Wellmark BCBS of South Dakota.
Previous Presentation: This paper was presented at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons; May 17, 2010; Minneapolis, Minnesota.