Accepted for Publication: March 9, 2011.
Published Online: July 18, 2011. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.2011.171
Author Contributions: Ms Neily and Dr Mills had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Study concept and design: Neily, Mills, Eldridge, Turner, and Bagian. Acquisition of data: Neily, Carney, and Turner. Analysis and interpretation of data: Neily, Mills, Eldridge, Carney, Pfeffer, Turner, Young-Xu, Gunnar, and Bagian. Drafting of the manuscript: Neily, Mills, and Young-Xu. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Neily, Mills, Eldridge, Carney, Pfeffer, Turner, Young-Xu, Gunnar, and Bagian. Statistical analysis: Mills and Young-Xu. Administrative, technical, and material support: Neily, Eldridge, Carney, Pfeffer, Turner, Gunnar, and Bagian. Study supervision: Neily.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This material is the result of work supported with resources and the use of facilities at the VHA National Center for Patient Safety, Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Field Office in White River Junction, Vermont, and the VHA Central Office. The design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript was done as part of the work of VHA employees and there was no other sponsor or funding agency.
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the US government.
Additional Information: The Research and Development Committee, White River Junction, VHA Medical Center approved this project and the Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects, Dartmouth College considered this project exempt.