Accepted for Publication: July 11, 2011.
Author Contributions: Study concept and design: Nuzzo, Giuliante, Ardito, and Capussotti. Acquisition of data: Ardito, Giovannini, Belli, Bresadola, Calise, Dalla Valle, D’Amico, Gennari, Giulini, Guglielmi, Jovine, Pellicci, Pernthaler, Pinna, Puleo, Torzilli, and Capussotti. Analysis and interpretation of data: Nuzzo, Ardito, and Giovannini. Drafting of the manuscript: Ardito. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Nuzzo, Giuliante, Ardito, Giovannini, Belli, Bresadola, Calise, Dalla Valle, D’Amico, Gennari, Giulini, Guglielmi, Jovine, Pellicci, Pernthaler, Pinna, Puleo, Torzilli, and Capussotti. Study supervision: Nuzzo and Ardito.
Additional Authors/Members of the Italian Chapter of International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association: Umberto Cillo, MD, University of Padua; Giorgio Ercolani, MD, University of Bologna; Massimo Ferrucci, MD, A. Gemelli Hospital, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart; Laura Mastrangelo, MD, Maggiore Hospital; Nazario Portolani, MD, Brescia University; Carlo Pulitanò, MD, San Raffaele Hospital; Dario Ribero, MD, Mauriziano Umberto I Hospital; Andrea Ruzzenente, MD, University of Verona; Vincenzo Scuderi, MD, Cardarelli Hospital; and Bruno Federico, MSc, University of Cassino.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by a contribution of the Catholic University and the Italian Ministry for Instruction, University and Research (D.1. Funds).