Accepted for Publication: March 14, 2012.
Published Online: May 21, 2012. doi:10.1001 /archsurg.2012.751
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Inaba, Ives, Branco, Eckstein, Shatz, and Demetriades. Acquisition of data: Ives, McClure, Branco, and Reddy. Analysis and interpretation of data: Ives, Branco, Eckstein, and Martin. Drafting of the manuscript: Ives, McClure, Eckstein, and Reddy. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Inaba, Ives, Branco, Eckstein, Shatz, Martin, Reddy, and Demetriades. Statistical analysis: Ives, McClure, and Branco. Administrative, technical, and material support: Demetriades. Study supervision: Inaba, Eckstein, Shatz, and Martin.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Previous Presentation: This paper was presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Pacific Coast Surgical Association; February 18, 2012; Napa Valley, California, and is published after peer review and revision.