Accepted for Publication: February 28, 2012.
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Meier, Boehler, Schwind, and Sanfey. Acquisition of data: Meier, Boehler, McDowell, Schwind, Roberts, and Sanfey. Analysis and interpretation of data: Meier, Boehler, Markwell, and Sanfey. Drafting of the manuscript: Meier and Sanfey. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Meier, Boehler, McDowell, Schwind, Markwell, Roberts, and Sanfey. Statistical analysis: Meier and Markwell. Obtained funding: Meier. Administrative, technical, and material support: Boehler, McDowell, Schwind, and Sanfey. Study supervision: McDowell and Schwind.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by a surgical team-based training grant from the American College of Surgeons Division of Education and Medical Education Technologies, Inc.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented at the 97th Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons; October 24, 2011; San Francisco, California.