Accepted for Publication: June 11, 2012.
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Haut, Lau, Hobson, Kraus, Carolan, Haider, Efron, and Pronovost. Acquisition of data: Haut, Kraenzlin, Hobson, Carolan, and Haider. Analysis and interpretation of data: Haut, Lau, Kraus, Carolan, Haider, Holzmueller, Efron, Pronovost, and Streiff. Drafting of the manuscript: Haut, Lau, and Carolan. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Haut, Lau, Kraenzlin, Hobson, Kraus, Carolan, Haider, Holzmueller, Efron, Pronovost, and Streiff. Statistical analysis: Haut, Lau, and Haider. Administrative, technical, and material support: Haut, Kraenzlin, Carolan, Haider, Holzmueller, and Streiff. Study supervision: Haut, Hobson, Kraus, Pronovost, and Streiff.
Financial Disclosure: Dr Haut is the primary investigator of the Mentored Clinician Scientist Development Award K08 1K08HS017952-01 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality entitled “Does Screening Variability Make DVT an Unreliable Quality Measure of Trauma Care?” Dr Haut receives royalties from Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins for a book he coauthored (Avoiding Common ICU Errors) and has given expert witness testimony in various medical malpractice cases. Dr Streiff has received research funding from sanofi-aventis and Bristol-Myers Squibb, honoraria for CME lectures from sanofi-aventis and Ortho-McNeil, consulted for sanofi-aventis, Eisai, Daiichi-Sankyo, and Janssen HealthCare, and has given expert witness testimony in various medical malpractice cases. Ms Hobson has given expert witness testimony in various medical malpractice cases. Dr Pronovost reports consultancy fees from the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc, grant or contract support from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the National Institutes of Health, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and The Commonwealth Fund, honoraria from various hospitals and the Leigh Bureau (Somerville, NJ), and royalties from his book Safe Patients Smart Hospitals. Dr Haider reports that he received funding from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (award K23GM093112-01) and the American College of Surgeons C. James Carrico Fellowship for the study of trauma and critical care. Ms Holzmueller reports receiving honorarium from MCIC Vermont, Inc, to speak about organizing and writing a manuscript on patient safety or on quality improvement research.