Accepted for Publication: June 29, 2012.
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Melcher, Veale, Leeser, Davis, Hil, and Milner. Acquisition of data: Melcher, Leeser, Hil, and Milner. Analysis and interpretation of data: Melcher, Veale, Javaid, Davis, Hil, and Milner. Drafting of the manuscript: Melcher and Milner. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Melcher, Veale, Javaid, Leeser, Hil, and Milner. Statistical analysis: Javaid and Milner. Obtained funding: Hil. Administrative, technical, and material support: Javaid, Leeser, Davis, and Hil. Study supervision: Melcher and Veale.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Mr Hil is the founder of a nonprofit organization, the National Kidney Registry (NKR), which facilitates chain transplantation. NKR receives fees to facilitate paired exchange transplants and manage the related logistics process. Drs Melcher, Veale, Davis, and Milner are uncompensated members of the NKR Medical Board.
Previous Presentation: Read before the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Pacific Coast Surgical Association; February 19, 2012; Napa Valley, California.
Additional Contributions: Joe Sinacore, AAS, from the National Kidney Registry managed the database.