0
Original Article |

Comparison of Radiation Exposure and Cost Between Dynamic Computed Tomography and Sestamibi Scintigraphy for Preoperative Localization of Parathyroid Lesions

Catherine A. Madorin, MD; Randall Owen, MD; Brian Coakley, MD; Hannah Lowe, BS; Kee-Hyun Nam, MD; Kaare Weber, MD; Leon Kushnir, MD; Jose Rios, MD; Eric Genden, MD; Puneet S. Pawha, MD; William B. Inabnet, MD
JAMA Surg. 2013;148(6):500-503. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.57.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Importance Dynamic computed tomography (CT) is emerging as a first-line alternative to sestamibi scintigraphy for preoperative localization of parathyroid lesions. In recent years, there has been increased concern over the impact of radiation exposure from medical imaging, as well as on the cost of diagnostic medical procedures. An ideal diagnostic procedure would be cost effective while minimizing hazardous exposures and complication rates.

Objective To compare the radiation dose and financial cost of dynamic CT with sestamibi scintigraphy.

Design, Setting, and Patients A retrospective review of 263 patients at a large, urban, tertiary referral center who underwent either dynamic parathyroid CT or sestamibi scintigraphy for any etiology of hyperparathyroidism from 2006 through 2010.

Main Outcomes and Measures The 2 primary study outcomes were radiation exposure measured in millisieverts (mSv) and medical charges for the respective diagnostic procedures. The study was conducted with the hypothesis that dynamic parathyroid CT would have slightly greater radiation exposure with similar cost to sestamibi scintigraphy.

Results Dynamic parathyroid CT and sestamibi scintigraphy delivered mean radiation doses of 5.56 and 3.33 mSv, respectively (P < .05). Charges totaled $1296 for thin-cut dynamic parathyroid CT and a mean of $1112 for sestamibi scintigraphy, depending on the type and amount of radiotracer injected. Although multiphase CT scanning took less than 5 minutes, sestamibi scintigraphy lasted a mean time of 306 minutes. A total of 62 of 119 patients (52%) in the CT group have undergone operative treatment to date, whereas all patients in the sestamibi arm underwent operative treatment of their hyperparathyroidism. Of the patients who underwent a surgical procedure, CT correctly identified the side of the parathyroid adenoma in 54 of 62 patients (87%), while sestamibi scintigraphy only correctly lateralized 90 of 122 adenomas (74%) as confirmed by exploratory surgery, intraoperative parathyroid hormone levels, and pathologic features. A dynamic parathyroid CT correctly predicted multiglandular disease in 1 of 7 patients (14%), while sestamibi scintigraphy correctly predicted multiglandular disease in 8 of 23 patients (35%).

Conclusions and Relevance In patients who underwent directed parathyroid surgery, dynamic CT is comparable to sestamibi scintigraphy in patients with hyperparathyroidism. Although CT delivers a higher dose of radiation, the average background radiation exposure in the United States is 3 mSv/y, and added exposures of less than 15 mSv are considered low risk for carcinogenesis. Overall, dynamic parathyroid CT is a safe, cost-effective alternative to sestamibi scintigraphy.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Place holder to copy figure label and caption
Graphic Jump Location

Figure. Parathyroid computed tomography showing a left inferior parathyroid adenoma (arrow).

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 2

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Topics
PubMed Articles
Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();