Accepted for Publication: March 12, 2013.
Published Online: July 3, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.2521.
Study concept and design: Inaba, Branco, Lam.
Acquisition of data: Inaba, Okoye, Rosenheck, Melo, Branco, Talving, Lam.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Okoye, Reddy, Salim, Demetriades.
Drafting of the manuscript: Inaba, Okoye, Branco.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Inaba, Rosenheck, Melo, Talving, Lam, Reddy, Salim, Demetriades.
Statistical analysis: Okoye, Branco.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Inaba, Rosenheck, Lam, Salim, Demetriades.
Study supervision: Inaba, Melo, Talving.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented at the 84th Annual Meeting of the Pacific Coast Surgical Association; February 17, 2013; Kauai, Hawaii, and is published after peer review and revision.