Accepted for Publication: September 18, 2013.
Published Online: February 5, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.4823.
Study concept and design: Waits, Harbaugh, Sonnenday, Sullivan, Wang, Englesbe.
Acquisition of data: Waits, Kim, Terjimanian, Tishberg, Sullivan, Wang.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Waits, Terjimanian, Tishberg, Sheetz, Sonnenday, Wang, Englesbe.
Drafting of the manuscript: Waits, Kim, Terjimanian, Tishberg, Sheetz, Englesbe.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Waits, Terjimanian, Harbaugh, Sonnenday, Sullivan, Wang, Englesbe.
Statistical analysis: Waits, Terjimanian, Sheetz.
Obtained funding: Sonnenday, Wang, Englesbe.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Waits, Kim, Tishberg, Sonnenday, Sullivan, Wang, Englesbe.
Study supervision: Waits, Terjimanian, Sonnenday, Englesbe.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grant K08 DK0827508 from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, and by Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Michigan Foundation (Dr Englesbe).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.