Accepted for Publication: September 3, 2013.
Published Online: May 21, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.4643.
Study concept and design: Hicks, Pappou, Gearhart, Ahuja, Efron.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Hicks, Pappou, Magruder, Gazer, Fang, Wick, Ahuja.
Drafting of the manuscript: Hicks, Pappou, Gazer, Wick.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Hicks, Pappou, Magruder, Fang, Wick, Gearhart, Ahuja, Efron.
Statistical analysis: Hicks, Pappou, Magruder.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Hicks, Pappou, Magruder, Gazer, Ahuja.
Study supervision: Pappou, Fang, Gearhart, Ahuja, Efron.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Previous Presentation: This work was presented as a poster presentation at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons; April 29, 2013; Phoenix, Arizona.