Accepted for Publication: August 31, 2013.
Published Online: May 21, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.4663.
Study concept and design: Schweizer, Cullen, Perencevich.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Schweizer, Perencevich, Vaughan Sarrazin.
Drafting of the manuscript: Schweizer.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Cullen, Perencevich, Vaughan Sarrazin.
Statistical analysis: Vaughan Sarrazin.
Obtained funding: Perencevich.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Schweizer.
Study supervision: Cullen, Perencevich, Vaughan Sarrazin.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This material is based on work supported by the VHA and the VA Office of Research and Development. Dr Schweizer was funded through VA Health Service Research and Development grant CDA 11-211. Dr Perencevich was funded through VA Health Service Research and Development grant IIR 09-099. Dr Vaughan Sarrazin was funded through Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality grant 1K18HS021992-01.
Role of the Sponsor: The VA Office of Research and Development had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the US government.
Previous Presentations: Presented in part at IDWeek: A Joint Meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, the HIV Medicine Association, and the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society; October 20, 2012; San Diego, California; and at the 29th VA Health Service Research and Development/Quality Enhancement Research Initiative National Conference; July 17, 2012; National Harbor, National Harbor, Maryland.
Additional Information: All authors are VA employees.
Additional Contributions: We thank the members of the VA Surgical Quality Data Use Group for their role as scientific advisors and for their critical review of data use and analysis presented in this article. The VA Surgical Quality Data Use Group was not compensated financially.