Accepted for Publication: February 24, 2014.
Published Online: July 2, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.857.
Study concept and design: Ellimoottil, S. Miller, D. C. Miller.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Ellimoottil, S. Miller, Ayanian.
Drafting of the manuscript: Ellimoottil, S. Miller , D. C. Miller.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Ellimoottil, Ayanian.
Statistical analysis: Ellimoottil, S. Miller.
Obtained funding: D. C. Miller.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Ellimoottil.
Study supervision: S. Miller, D. C. Miller.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr D. C. Miller serves as a paid consultant for ArborMetrix. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grant K08 HS018346-01A1 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Dr D. C. Miller); by an Astellas Rising Star in Urology Research Award from the Urology Care Foundation (Dr D. C. Miller); and by grant T32 DK 7782-14 from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease, National Institutes of Health (Dr Ellimoottil).
Role of the Sponsors: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: This abstract was presented at the 2014 Academy Health Annual Research Meeting; June 8, 2014; San Diego, California.
Additional Contributions: Matthew Davis, MD, MPP, Departments of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases and Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of Michigan, and Department of Public Policy, Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, reviewed the manuscript. He received no compensation.