Accepted for Publication: April 10, 2014.
Published Online: July 30, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.867.
Study concept and design: Inaba, Demetriades.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Resnick, Inaba, Karamanos, Pham, Byerly, Talving, Reddy, Linnebur.
Drafting of the manuscript: Resnick, Inaba, Karamanos, Pham, Byerly.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Inaba, Karamanos, Talving, Reddy, Linnebur, Demetriades.
Statistical analysis: Resnick, Inaba, Karamanos, Pham.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Talving, Demetriades.
Study supervision: Inaba.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented at the 85th Annual Meeting of the Pacific Coast Surgical Association; February 15, 2014; Dana Point, California.