Accepted for Publication: January 6, 2014.
Published Online: August 20, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.292.
Study concept and design: Gandaglia, Sammon, Schmid, Briganti, Montorsi, Sun, Trinh.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Gandaglia, Ghani, Sood, Meyers, Sammon, Varda, Briganti, Sun, Menon, Kibel, Trinh.
Drafting the manuscript: Gandaglia, Ghani, Sood, Meyers, Sammon, Schmid, Varda. Briganti, Sun, Trinh.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Ghani, Sood, Sammon, Varda, Briganti, Montorsi, Sun, Menon, Kibel, Trinh.
Statistical analysis: Gandaglia, Sood, Meyers, Briganti, Sun, Trinh.
Obtained funding: Briganti, Sun.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Sammon, Briganti, Menon.
Study supervision: Sood, Sammon, Montorsi, Sun, Menon, Kibel, Trinh.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Trinh received an honorarium from Intuitive Surgical for a presentation. No other disclosures were reported.
Disclaimer: The American College of Surgeons NSQIP and the hospitals participating in it are the source of the data used herein; they have not verified and are not responsible for the statistical validity of the data analysis or the conclusions derived by the authors.