Accepted for Publication: July 7, 2014.
Published Online: September 24, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1891.
Study concept and design: Quin, Lucke, Baltz, Bishawi, Grover, Collins, Shroyer.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Quin, Lucke, Almassi, Grover, Shroyer.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Grover, Collins.
Obtained funding: Grover, Shroyer.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Quin, Gupta, Baltz, Almassi, Grover, Collins.
Study supervision: Lucke, Hattler, Grover, Collins, Shroyer.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Almassi receives research nurse salary support from Eli Lilly & Company. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the Cooperative Studies Program (CSP) of the Department of VA Office of Research and Development.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The CSP of the VA Office of Research and Development, as related to the VA CSP 517 Randomized On/Off Bypass (ROOBY) Trial, provided support for the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, and approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: This paper was presented at the 38th Annual Surgical Symposium of the Association of VA Surgeons; April 6, 2014; New Haven, Connecticut.
Additional Contributions: Annette Wiseman provided technical and administrative assistance. XiaoLi (Shirley) Lu, MPH, provided statistical analysis. Both are affiliated with the Cooperative Studies Program at Perry Point, Maryland; neither received financial compensation aside from salary.