Published Online: November 19, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1007.
Study concept and design: Goodney, Tarulli, Zwolak.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Goodney, Tarulli, Faerber, Schanzer.
Drafting of the manuscript: Goodney, Tarulli.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Goodney, Faerber, Schanzer, Zwolak.
Statistical analysis: Goodney, Faerber.
Obtained funding: Goodney.
Administrative, technical, or material support: All authors.
Study supervision: Goodney, Zwolak.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Goodney was supported by a Career Development Award (K08HL05676-01) from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and a supplemental award from the Society for Vascular Surgery Foundation.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.