Published Online: February 11, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.3180.
Study concept and design: Keating, Backholer, Peeters.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Keating, Backholer.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Keating, Backholer, Stevenson.
Obtained funding: Keating, Peeters.
Study supervision: Moodie, Peeters.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Ms Keating previously received an independent research grant from Allergan Australia (funding years 2010-2011). No other disclosures are reported.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by an Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage grant (LP120100418) and an Australian National Preventive Health Agency grant (188PEE2011) and, in part, by the Victorian Government’s Operational Infrastructure Program. Dr Backholer was supported by a Postdoctoral Research Fellowship (PH 12M 6824) from the National Heart Foundation of Australia, an ARC Linkage grant (LP120100418), and an Australian National Preventive Health Agency grant (188PEE2011). Dr Peeters was supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Career Development Fellowship (1045456). Dr Stevenson was supported by an ARC Discovery Project grant (DP120103277). Drs Peeters and Moodie were supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council Centre for Research Excellence (grant 1041020).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders/sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for providing custom analyzed data. No compensation was provided to, or received from, the agencies providing data.