To evaluate the results of a thoracoabdominal hepatectomy and a transdiaphragmatic hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with impaired liver function.
A university hospital in Japan.
Twenty-seven patients who from 1991 to 1996 underwent a thoracoabdominal hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma located mainly in the superior portion of the liver and 20 patients who underwent a transdiaphragmatic hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma located near the diaphragm.
Main Outcome Measures
Morbidity, survival, and disease-free survival after each operation. Comparisons were then made with 183 patients who had undergone an ordinary transabdominal hepatectomy during the same period.
In the thoracoabdominal hepatectomy group, 17 patients underwent a partial resection, 4 patients underwent a subsegmentectomy, and another 6 patients underwent either a segmentectomy or a procedure that was greater in size than a segmentectomy, whereas all of the patients in the transdiaphragmatic group underwent a partial resection. The morbidities in the thoracoabdominal group included pleural effusion in 6 patients (22%); intra-abdominal infection in 5 patients (19%); and hepatic failure in 3 patients (11%), of whom 1 died (mortality rate, 4%). In the transdiaphragmatic group, only 2 patients (10%) had non–life-threatening complications. The cumulative survival rates and the disease-free survival rates of the patients at 3 years were 51% and 24% in the thoracoabdominal hepatectomy group and 62% and 30% in the transdiaphragmatic hepatectomy group; no significant differences were observed when these findings were compared with those of patients who had undergone a transabdominal hepatectomy.
The outcomes of the patients undergoing thoracoabdominal hepatectomy and those undergoing a transdiaphragmatic hepatectomy were generally satisfactory in spite of the fact that these procedures were performed on patients with cirrhosis and impaired liver function.