Presidential Address |

The Arduousness of Excellence

Paul Friedmann, MD
Arch Surg. 1998;133(4):354-360. doi:10.1001/archsurg.133.4.354.
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It is a tremendous honor and privilege to have been elected to serve as the President of the New England Surgical Society for this past year. The Society has a long and distinguished history and has been an important contributor to the development of surgical science and education in New England. I feel particularly humble and proud as an immigrant, not only to New England but to the United States as well. New England took me in and provided a professional home, and the United States took me and my family in and enabled us to survive.

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Paul Friedmann, MD

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Figure 1.

Complexity and chaos (after Ralph D. Stacey). Agreement and certainty matrix for decision making and control. Ralph D. Stacey is professor of management at the University of Hertfordshire, Hertford, United Kingdom. The matrix comes from Stacey's book, Strategic Management and Organizational Dynamics. London, England: Pitman Publishing; 1996. The plus and minus signs indicate the degree of agreement and certainty. The farther out on the axes one gets, the less agreement and certainty there are. Where there is little agreement and little certainty, there is chaos.

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Figure 2.

Maimonides by Ben Shahn at Tufts University School of Medicine.

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Figure 3.

Arnold J. Toynbee as a student at Balliol College, Oxford University, Oxford, England. Reprinted with permission from Bodleian Library, Oxford University.

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