To compare 2 techniques of esophageal transection in our modification of the Sugiura-Futagawa procedure for the treatment of bleeding portal hypertension in low-risk patients who cannot undergo surgery to have shunts placed.
A prospective controlled trial comparing 2 variants of transection (classic, complete section of the anterior muscularis externa and whole mucosa; modified, placement of a circumferential running suture without opening the mucosa).
Academic university hospital.
Eighty-three low-risk patients (Child-Pugh score A and B) with a history of bleeding portal hypertension were operated on (35 classic, 48 modified transections) between 1989 and 1996. Both groups were comparable.
Main Outcome Measures
Postoperative dehiscence of the transection was evaluated as well as fistulization, postoperative stenosis, rebleeding, postoperative endoscopic findings, survival, and mortality.
Fistulization was observed in 1 (2%) of the patients in the modified group, and dehiscence in 1 patient (2%). In the classic group, 3 (8%) of the patients had dehiscence (relative risk, 2.6) and 1 (2%) of the patients, fistulization. No differences were observed regarding rebleeding (6 patients [6%] vs 5 patients [7%]), postoperative stenosis (4 patients [8%] vs 5 patients [10%]), postoperative endoscopic findings, survival, and mortality (early and late).
The modified variant of the transection has a lower frequency of postoperative dehiscence, with the same long-term results.