Cytologic analysis of intraoperative lavage at the surgical margin during wedge or segmental resection for pulmonary metastatic lesions predicts postoperative local failure at the surgical margin of the pulmonary parenchyma.
Prospective nonrandomized trial.
Fifty-one consecutive patients undergoing wedge or segmental resection for 87 pulmonary metastatic lesions of various primary tumor types from November 1, 1997, through January 31, 2001, were prospectively enrolled.
An intraoperative lavage cytologic technique at the surgical margin for each pulmonary metastasis was performed as described previously.
Main Outcome Measures
Incidence of positive cytologic findings and postoperative local recurrence at the surgical margin.
Of the examined lesions, 10 (11%) showed positive cytologic results at the surgical margin, despite a macroscopically safe margin in the attempted resection. Of these, metastasectomy was converted to segmentectomy in 3. An additional wedge resection and evaporation using an Nd:YAG laser in the surgical margin were performed in 1 and 4 lesions, respectively. Complications precluded further treatment in 2 lesions. By July 2001, although no local recurrence at the surgical margin area was found among the lesions with negative cytologic results, recurrence at the surgical margin occurred in 2 with positive cytologic results, including 1 receiving no treatment and 1 receiving Nd:YAG laser evaporation, indicating that a significant difference in the recurrence rate according to lavage cytologic status (P<.001).
This intraoperative lavage cytologic technique in wedge or segmental resection of pulmonary metastases of various primary tumors may be a useful predictor of local recurrence at the surgical margin. With these test results, local recurrence at the surgical margin may be controllable in patients undergoing pulmonary metastasectomy.