Accepted for Publication: September 3, 2014.
Published Online: March 18, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.25.
Study concept and design: Lidor, Schweitzer, Marohn.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Lidor, Steele, Stem, Fleming, Marohn.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Lidor, Steele, Schweitzer, Marohn.
Statistical analysis: Stem, Fleming.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Schweitzer, Marohn.
Study supervision: Lidor, Schweitzer, Marohn.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the Department of Surgery Research Fund from Mr Edwin Lewis and by the Morton K. and Jane Blaustein Foundation.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: Qingwen Kawaji, ScM, and Benjamin Pollock, MSPH, Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, contacted patients and administered the QOL questionnaire as part of our clinical staff team. Both were compensated as research assistants to Dr Lidor.