Accepted for Publication: October 24, 2014.
Published Online: April 1, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.35.
Study concept and design: Holcomb, DeRussy, Hawn.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Holcomb, DeRussy.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Richman, Hawn.
Statistical analysis: DeRussy, Richman.
Obtained funding: Hawn.
Administrative, technical, or material support: DeRussy, Hawn.
Study supervision: Hawn.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study is supported by a VA Health Services Research and Development Grant. Dr Holcomb is supported by grant T32 HS013852-11 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland. Dr Richman is supported by a VA Career Development Award.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders/sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the US government.
Previous Presentation: This paper was presented at the 10th Annual Academic Surgical Congress; February 5, 2015; Las Vegas, Nevada.