Published Online: June 17, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.0891.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Lau, Streiff, Haut.
Drafting of the manuscript: Lau, Haider, Haut.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Streiff, Pronovost, Efron, Haut.
Statistical analysis: Lau, Haider.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Haider.
Study supervision: Streiff, Pronovost, Haider, Haut.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Haut receives royalties from Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins for his book Avoiding Common ICU Errors and consulting fees from the Veterans Health Administration. Dr Pronovost reports consultancy fees from the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc; grant or contract support from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the National Institutes of Health, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and The Commonwealth Fund; honoraria from various hospitals and the Leigh Bureau (Somerville, New Jersey); and royalties from his book Safe Patients Smart Hospitals. Dr Haider reports funding from National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (grant K23GM093112-01) and the American College of Surgeons C. James Carrico Fellowship for the study of Trauma and Critical Care. Mr Lau and Drs Haut, Streiff, and Pronovost are supported by a contract from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute entitled “Preventing Venous Thromboembolism: Empowering Patients and Enabling Patient-Centered Care via Health Information Technology.” Mr Lau and Dr Haider are supported by a contract from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute entitled “Patient-Centered Approaches to Collect Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity Information in the Emergency Department.” Dr Haut was the primary investigator of a Mentored Clinician Scientist Development Award (K08 1K08HS017952-01) from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality entitled “Does Screening Variability Make DVT an Unreliable Quality Measure of Trauma Care?” No other disclosures were reported.