Accepted for Publication: March 7, 2015.
Published Online: June 24, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.1126.
Study concept and design: Zarkowsky, Freischlag, Malas.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Zarkowsky, Hicks, Arhuidese, Canner, Obeid, Qazi, Schneider, Abularrage, Black, Malas.
Drafting of the manuscript: Zarkowsky, Hicks, Qazi.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Zarkowsky, Hicks, Arhuidese, Canner, Obeid, Schneider, Abularrage, Black, Freischlag, Malas.
Statistical analysis: Hicks, Arhuidese.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Hicks, Arhuidese, Canner, Qazi, Abularrage, Malas.
Study supervision: Zarkowsky, Schneider, Black, Freischlag, Malas.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Disclaimer: The data reported here have been supplied by the US Renal Data System (USRDS). The interpretation and reporting of these data are the responsibility of the authors and in no way should be seen as official policy or interpretation of the US government.
Previous Presentation: The study was presented at the 2014 American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress; October 29, 2014; San Francisco, California.