To compare the results of open and laparoscopic fundoplication.
Nonrandomized controlled study with a 3-year follow-up.
Patients and Methods
Fifty-seven consecutive patients with erosive reflux esophagitis underwent laparoscopic (30 patients) or open (27 patients) fundoplication.
Interview by an independent person. In addition, 52 patients (91%) underwent postoperative endoscopy, and 38 patients (67%) underwent esophageal 24-hour pH recording.
Temporary dysphagia was reported by 20 patients (67%) after laparoscopic and by 11 (41%) after open fundoplication (P=.05). There were no differences between groups concerning incidence of persistent dysphagia (20% vs 18%, respectively) and mild to no reflux symptoms (97% vs 100%, respectively). In addition, bloating (50% vs 63%, respectively) and increased flatus (77% vs 78%, respectively) were equally common. Visual analog scale scores for dysphagia, bloating, and increased flatus were 0.6, 2.4, and 4.3, respectively, in the laparoscopic and 0.6, 3.5, and 3.4, respectively, in the open groups. Normal belching ability was reported by 12 patients (40%) after laparoscopic and by 20 (74%) after open fundoplication (P=.01). Visick grade 1 or 2 was reported by 21 patients (70%) after laparoscopic and by 24 (89%) after open fundoplication (P=.08). Defective fundic wrap was detected in 4 patients (13%) in the laparoscopic and in none in the open group. In addition, abnormal results of 24-hour pH recording were found in 4 patients (22%) after laparoscopic and in 2 (10.5%) after open fundoplication.
From a functional point of view, both techniques were equally effective except concerning belching ability and temporary dysphagia.