We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Operative Technique |

Reconstruction of Small and Fragile Bile Ducts Without Mucosa-to-Mucosa Anastomosis

Kiyoshi Hasegawa, MD; Masatoshi Makuuchi, MD, PhD; Keiichi Kubota, MD, PhD; Tadatoshi Takayama, MD, PhD; Minoru Watanabe, MD
Arch Surg. 2000;135(5):596-599. doi:10.1001/archsurg.135.5.596.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

We describe a simple and easy technique for performing choledochojejunostomy without the need to suture the full thickness of the ductal and intestinal walls for patients in whom standard choledochojejunostomy is difficult because the stumps of the residual bile ducts are small and fragile. This technique is useful in partial liver transplantation or after hepatectomy that includes removal of the extrahepatic bile ducts. The procedure involves the placing of external biliary drainage tubes through a Roux-en-Y jejunal loop, positioned transanastomotically, and the use of an external jejunostomy to decompress the loop. The tubes are fixed to the jejunal loop by a purse-string suture and to the duct by simple ligation or a purse-string suture. Anastomosis is performed by suturing the connective tissue and liver parenchyma around the ductal stump to the seromuscular layer of the intestine. Choledochojejunostomy according to this method was performed in 5 cases; the biliary drainage tubes were removed 1 to 4 months after surgery. The only complications were cerebellar infarction and cholangitis, both of which resolved with conservative treatment. We consider that this technique will be helpful as a last-ditch measure when standard choledochojejunostomy, with suturing of the full thickness of the walls of the duct and intestine to secure mucosa-to-mucosa apposition, is impossible because of small and fragile bile ducts.

Figures in this Article

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?


Place holder to copy figure label and caption

Surgical procedures of suturing in the choledochojejunostomy. The tube was fixed to the duct by simple ligation (open arrow). A purse-string suture was placed to fix the tube to the intestine at the insertion site and was secured (thick arrow). Sutures were placed between the periductal connective tissue and the seromuscular layer of the intestine and also secured (thin arrows). After the duct had been moved adjacent to the loop, the purse-string suture was tied off, followed by the other sutures (thin arrows).

Graphic Jump Location




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

8 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections