Intravenous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) induces intestinal polymorphonuclear neutrophil recruitment with increased intestinal intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression. While intercellular adhesion molecule-1 causes firm adhesion of leukocytes to the endothelial cells, P- and E-selectin mediate leukocyte recruitment via rolling. Therefore, manipulation of nutrition may also affect P- and E-selectin expression in organs.
Prospective randomized experimental trials.
Fifty-three mice were randomized to chow, intravenous TPN, or intragastric TPN.
Main Outcome Measures
After 5 days of diet, mice were administered iodine 125–labeled anti–P-selectin antibody (or iodine 125–labeled anti–E-selectin antibody) and iodine 131–labeled nonbinding antibody to quantify P-selectin (or E-selectin) expression in organs (lung, liver, kidney, small intestine, colon, stomach, pancreas, mesentery, heart, and skeletal muscle).
P-selectin in small intestine, colon, stomach, and pancreas in the intravenous TPN group increased significantly as compared with the chow and the intragastric TPN groups. E-selectin expression was up-regulated after intravenous TPN in the lung but not in other sites.
In a time frame (5 days) when intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression and neutrophil recruitment are increased, intestinal expression of P-selectin remains up-regulated. Early lung inflammatory changes are reflected by increases in E-selectin. This change may reflect early pulmonary dysfunction with intravenous TPN, but its significance requires further study.