Operation planning in liver surgery depends on the precise understanding of the 3-dimensional (D) relation of the tumor to the intrahepatic vascular trees. To our knowledge, the impact of anatomical 3-D reconstructions on precision in operation planning has not yet been studied.
Three-dimensional reconstruction leads to an improvement of the ability to localize the tumor and an increased precision in operation planning in liver surgery.
We developed a new interactive computer-based quantitative 3-D operation planning system for liver surgery, which is being introduced to the clinical routine. To evaluate whether 3-D reconstruction leads to improved operation planning, we conducted a clinical trial. The data sets of 7 virtual patients were presented to a total of 81 surgeons in different levels of training. The tumors had to be assigned to a liver segment and subsequently drawn together with the operation proposal into a given liver model. The precision of the assignment to a liver segment according to Couinaud classification and the operation proposal were measured quantitatively for each surgeon and stratified concerning 2-D and different types of 3-D presentations.
The ability of correct tumor assignment to a liver segment was significantly correlated to the level of training (P<.05). Compared with 2-D computed tomography scans, 3-D reconstruction leads to a significant increase of precision in tumor localization by 37%. The target area of the resection proposal was improved by up to 31%.
Three-dimensional reconstruction leads to a significant improvement of tumor localization ability and to an increased precision of operation planning in liver surgery.