It has been my great fortune to serve as the 85th president of the New England Surgical Society. I am grateful to all of my colleagues for the privilege of serving in this role over the past year. Certainly, one of the greatest honors a surgeon can receive is to be selected by his peers to a leadership position in a prominent society. With the receipt of such a responsibility, the first question that probably crosses the minds of most presidents-elect is: “How can I help to maintain this society's traditions of leadership, education, and camaraderie?” This is closely followed by, “What can I possibly say in my presidential address that is worth saying?” As one reviews previous presidential addresses, it is apparent that a favorite theme is our surgical heritage, in which stories of the achievements of those surgeons recognized as giants in the field are retold. I have chosen to review the lives and contributions of the 9 surgeons whose singular accomplishments have been honored with the Nobel Prize in medicine, the highest scientific distinction.
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A. Benedict Cosimi, MD
Alfred Bernhard Nobel.
Emil Theodor Kocher, MD.
Allvar Gullstrand, MD.
Alexis Carrel, MD.
Robert Barany, MD.
Frederick Grant Banting, MD.
Walter Rudolph Hess, MD.
Werner Theodor Forssmann, MD.
Charles Benton Huggins, MD.
Joseph E. Murray, MD.
Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and
Association With Material Stature
Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early
dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal
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