Overweight (body mass index [calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared], ≥25.0) has an effect on surgical results, postoperative complications, and long-term survival in patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative gastrectomy.
Retrospective study from January 1, 1992, through December 31, 2002.
Wakayama Medical University Hospital.
This study included 689 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy (R0). Patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy, gastrectomy with pancreaticoduodenectomy, gastrectomy with another organ resection (liver, colon, or ovary), or gastrectomy with thoracotomy were not included.
Main Outcome Measures
Duration of operation, amount of blood loss, incidence of postoperative complications, and survival analysis.
The mean (SD) duration of the operation was longer in the overweight group (315  minutes) than in the normal-weight group (277  minutes) (P < .001). The mean (SD) intraoperative blood loss was larger in the overweight group (882  mL) than in the normal-weight group (536  mL) (P < .001). The rates of postoperative complications (anastomotic leakage, pancreatic fistula, and intra-abdominal abscess) were significantly higher in the overweight group (P < .05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified that postoperative complications were significantly associated with being overweight (P = .01) and with undergoing pancreatectomy (P = .03). Disease-specific and overall survival did not show any significant difference between the 2 groups.
Being overweight is not a poor risk factor for survival in patients with gastric cancer, although it is independently predictive of postoperative complications.