Claude Organ was the conscience of American surgery with regards to issues of black surgeons and also women surgeons. I came to understand Claude’s passion for raising these issues when he was writing A Century of Black Surgeons. He called me one day and asked whether I knew any black women surgeons: a strange question coming from him, I thought. He explained that he was writing this book, that he believed it important to point out the valued contributions of black surgeons despite their small number, and that he realized (because, as he acknowledged, his administrative assistant had pointed it out to him) he hadn’t included any women. I told him that of course I knew black women surgeons. We discussed several, all of whom he did know, and discussed the need to remind people of the importance of inclusion.